341 – 270 BCE

Philosopher. Although very falsely accused of promoting hedonism, the pursuit of pleasure for its own sake, Epicurus actually taught that, yes, we should pursue pleasure, but this meant freedom from worry and pain, and was best achieved by limiting and disciplining our desires. He also believed, in contrast to the stoics, that it was best to avoid public life. What survives of his writing is beautiful and wise. He died, as he lived, with complete patience and self-control.

336–265 BCEZeno of Citium
310–250 BCETheocritus
318–272 BCEPyrrhus
360–270 BCEPyrrho
382–336 BCEPhilip II
436–338 BCEIsocrates
410–320 BCEDiogenes of Sinope
383–322 BCEDemosthenes
299–210 BCECallimachus
384–322 BCEAristotle
310–230 BCEAristarchus of Samos
287–212 BCEArchimedes